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Leased out to Pakistan, it had been renamed ‘Ghazi’ or ‘holy warrior’. [3] On 4 September 1964 she arrived at the Naval Dockyard in Karachi and joined the Navy as its first long-range fast-attack submarine. That is almost hilarious, except it lead to all hands lost. [52] Credibility is added to this story by the later discovery made by Indian Coast Guard divers in 2003, that the damaged parts of the submarine had been blown inside out. [34], From 15 January 1946 to 27 April 1949, Diablo was based in the Panama Canal Zone participating in fleet exercises and rendering services to surface units in the Caribbean Sea. "[27][31], Diablo, a long-range fast-attack Tench-class submarine was launched on 1 December 1944, sponsored by the wife of U.S. Navy Captain V. D. Chapline on 31 March 1945 with Lieutenant Commander Gordon Graham Matheson as her first commanding officer. Meanwhile, Arjun, who by now is in charge of the mission, regroups and work towards reviving S21. [40] Other officers who served in Ghazi were then-Lieutenant-Commander Ahmed Tasnim (later promoted as Vice-Admiral), Sub-Lieutenant Fasih Bokhari, and Lieutenant Zafar Muhammad who would later command her, as a Commander, in 1971.[41]. [27] Another sailor had in his pocket a letter written in Urdu to his fiancée. Despite the hitches, this underwater thriller is worth a watch. Gordon Graham Matheson of the US Navy (USN) - Allied Warship Commanders of WWII - uboat.net", "Rana Daggubati on India's first Navy film 'Ghazi' and changes in the film industry", "Is Alia Bhatt's Raazi an unofficial prequel to Rana Daggubati's The Ghazi Attack? ... Rumours that some members of the crew had survived and taken prisoners of war prolonged their agony. [22][23] Karan Johar distributed the Hindi version. [6], During her submerged circumnavigation voyage she briefly stopped at Mombasa, Kenya for refueling and, in Maputo, Mozambique before making a farewell visit at Simon's Town, South Africa. On Dec 9, 1971, the Indian Navy announced that its destroyer had sunk Ghazi. Submarines can level unequal playing fields in a matter of moments. However, visible results of this attack are not given. With famed Bollywood producer/director Karan Johar releasing the first-look poster of his studio's new movie The Ghazi Attack, it might be a good time to brush up some history. A few minutes later the destroyer continued her way to the coast of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh). South Asia’s first submarine, PNS Ghazi was Pakistan’s only submarine with a capacity to travel over 11000 nautical miles to reach Bay of Bengal and undertake operations on India’s eastern coast. Pervez Hameed.[76]. It is a pity that PNS Ghazi crew was so skilled and so wonderful and still managed to destroy itself 'with glory' by its own mine! The submarine could be armed with up to 28 torpedoes and, in later years, was re-fitted in Turkey for mine-laying capability. Ghazi also launches its torpedo at the same time. PNS Ghazi (S-130), formerly USS Diablo (SS-479), was a WWII submarine of the US Navy and later the Pakistani navy. [3], Because of the Six-Day War in the Middle East the Suez Canal was closed due to the Egyptian Navy's blockage in 1967, Ghazi, under the command of Commander Ahmed Tasnim, had to execute a submerged circumnavigation in 1968 from Africa to Western Europe, which began from Karachi coast to Cape of Good Hope, South Africa and then through the Atlantic Ocean. [52], On 9 December, the Indian Navy issued a statement about the fate of Ghazi. [2], The procurement and acquisition of Ghazi was a result of lengthy and complicated negotiation between the administrations of Pakistan and the United States. :58[38], With Ayub administration improving relations with the Eisenhower administration in 1960, Ghazi was finally procured under the Security Assistance Program (SAP) authorized by the Kennedy administration on a four-year lease with an option of renewing or purchasing the submarine afterwards in 1963. Sinking of PNS Ghazi in the Indo-Pak submarine warfare 1971, remains a haunted mystery! She saw action in the 1965 and 1971 wars between India and Pakistan. S21 dives to 350 m so that it is no longer within Ghazi's sonar range despite being designed for a maximum of 250 m depth. [51], In 2003, Indian Navy divers recovered few items from the submarine and brought up six bodies of Pakistani servicemen when they blasted their way into the submarine. [40] Many senior commanders had felt that the deployment of Ghazi was highly dangerous and impossible to achieve by sending the obsolete submarine behind enemy lines but deployment came when it became apparent that war was inevitable. K.R. [64], It was only on 10 February 1972, when the incident was officially recognised by the Government of Pakistan and then-President Zulfikar Bhutto met with the grieving families and loved ones of the officers and sailors who served in Ghazi, and told them that they may have all perished due to this incident as many of the slain family members were pushing for repatriation to the Government of Pakistan as they were keeping the hope alive that they may have survived and rescued by India. [16] In 1964, she joined the Pakistan Navy and saw military action in the Indo-Pakistani theatres in the 1965 and, later in the 1971 wars. [1] On the last day of the month, she got underway for Pearl Harbor and the East Coast arriving at New York City on 11 October, except for a visit to Charleston, South Carolina in October where she remained at New York until 8 January 1946. [47] The explosions were "stunning", and Rajput suffered a serious material concussion to its structure. [16] The film explores the mysterious circumstances under which submarine PNS Ghazi sank off the coast of Visakhapatnam in 1971. "Naval museums give glimpse of maritime history", https://m.timesofindia.com/india/Now-no-record-of-Navy-sinking-Pakistani-submarine-in-1971/amp_articleshow/5919209.cms, "Ghazi sank due to internal explosion: Ex-Navy Chief", "The Hunt for Red September: A Tale of Two Submarines", "Their Name Liveth for Ever More « PakDef Military Consortium", https://www.indiatoday.in/movies/bollywood/story/the-ghazi-attack-pns-ghazi-ins-vikrant-rajput-india-pakistan-war-961080-2017-02-16, "Untold Stories of PNS Ghazi & PNS Hangor – Video Dailymotion", "Lt.Cdr. Riled up by S21's defiance, Razak orders another torpedo attack on S21, for which Ghazi will have to turn by port 180 degrees. Transition to triumph: history of the Indian Navy, 1965–1975 By G. M. Hiranandani, Greater Underwater Propulsion Power Program, Pakistan–United States military relations, Naval operations in the 1965 Indo-Pakistani war theatre, "India did not sink Ghazi: Pak commander – Times of India", "Remembering Our Warriors – Vice Admiral Tasneem", "Now no record of navy sinking Pakistani submarine in 1971", "List of Gallantry Awardees – PN Officers/CPOs/Sailors « PakDef Military Consortium", "DAMAGE ASSESMENT - 1971 INDO-PAK NAVAL WAR", "Rediff On The NeT: End of an era: INS Vikrant's final farewell", "The Sunday Tribune – Spectrum – Lead Article", "Visakhapatnam: Sunk Pakistani submarine Ghazi is an enigma", "From a small outpost to a major command", Seapower: A Guide for the Twenty-first Century, "Now, no record of Navy sinking Pakistani submarine in 1971", "The truth behind the Navy's 'sinking' of Ghazi", "New pictures of 1971 war Pak submarine Ghazi renew debate on cause behind blast on vessel", https://tribune.com.pk/story/383024/warriors-of-the-waves, https://m.economictimes.com/nation-world/real-story-of-submarine-pns-ghazi-and-the-mystery-behind-its-sinking/the-hit/slideshow/56086229.cms, https://defenceupdate.in/the-ghazi-attack-why-did-india-destroy-records-of-one-of-its-greatest-naval-victories/, "What happened to the Pakistani submarine that inspired the movie 'The Ghazi Attack'? [3] Before 1971 there were several proposals made to the Ayub administration to strengthen the naval defence of East Pakistan, but none were made feasible and the Navy was in no position to mount a defence against approaching Indian naval advances. [70] In 1975, the Navy acquired the Albacora-class submarine from the Portuguese Navy and named it Ghazi (S-134), in memory of PNS Ghazi. [47][68], From the investigation conducted on the cause of the American USS Cochino, it is possible that the lead-acid battery vented explosive hydrogen gas while charging underwater. [3], On 17 September 1965 Ghazi made a surface contact and identified INS Brahmaputra and fired three World War II-era Mark 14 torpedoes and increased depth to evade counterattack. [47] Rajput for some time surveyed the area dumping bombs, no longer found any contact — either visual or acoustic. [40][41] It is not known what Ghazi's target was or what the three mysterious explosions were since no inquiry report was ever submitted. The Indian Navy enjoyed a technological and numerical superiority over Pakistan, which is why Ghazi was dispatched from West Pakistan. In what is coming as a major revelation, it has been informed that the remains of PNS Ghazi, the first fast-attack submarine of Pakistan Navy, discovered in the waters of Visakhapatnam, might soon be turned into a tourist attraction in the city. Seapower: a guide for the twenty-first century. [52] A submarine rescue vessel, INS Karanj was sent to check the debris and India later built a "Victory at Sea Memorial" on the coast near where Ghazi was sunk. Well what has been shown is not true in totality. [3][40] Ghazi was on a two-fold mission: the primary goal was to locate and sink Vikrant and secondary was to mine India's eastern seaboard, which was to be fulfilled irrespective of the accomplishment of the first. The Ghazi had sunk, along with all its crew members. [32] She participated in Operation Springboard in the Caribbean from 21 February to 28 March 1955, and continued to alternate service with the Submarine School with antisubmarine warfare and fleet exercises in the Caribbean and off Bermuda, as well as rendering services to the Fleet Sonar School and Operational Development Force at Key West. [6] It took her two months to complete her circumnavigation of Africa and Europe. [53] India credits the INS Rajput for sinking Ghazi and her crew were honored with gallantry awards for this event, but the actual details of Ghazi's sinking soon began to emerge after the war. "The Rediff Interview/Admiral S M Nanda (retd) 'Does the US want war with India? All these activities were apparently successful in deceiving Ghazi when on 25 November 1971, the Navy NHQ communicated with Ghazi that stated: "Intel indicates carrier in port". [32] On 27 May 1960, she entered Philadelphia Naval Shipyard for an overhaul which continued until October 1960. [40] She was named and designated as Ghazi (lit. [3] At the same time concerted action was taken to disseminate misinformation designed to mislead the enemy about the true location of the aircraft carrier, and to foster confidence that the carrier was stationed at Visakhapatnam. Diablo sailed to Key West, Florida, for antisubmarine warfare exercises, from 16 November to 9 December 1947, and operated from New Orleans, Louisiana, for the training of naval reservists in March 1948. Lt General JFR Jacob, (retd), hero of the 1971 India Pakistan war, explains why the Indian Navy destroyed documents related to the sinking of the Pakistani submarine, PNS Ghazi. [17] While the Indian Navy credits Ghazi's sinking to its destroyer INS Rajput,[18][19][20][21][22] the Pakistani military oversights and reviews stated that "the submarine sank due to either an internal explosion or accidental detonation of mines being laid by the submarine off the Visakhapatnam harbour". :108[3][16][6] Chief of Naval Staff Admiral S.M. One of them probably hit the Ghazi. PNS Ghazi (previously USS Diablo (SS-479) PNS Ghazi was sunk here in December 3, 1971, PNS Ghazi (SS 479) was a United States-built submarine that was leased by Pakistan in 1963. The debate on what caused the blast on board the Pakistani vessel Ghazi is renewed during the Indo-Pak war in 1971 - Issue Date: Jan 26, 2004 They miss their target narrowly and in the process alert Ghazi of their presence. In fog of war, many myth and false hero may have been created and many left unsung'. Since they cannot chase Ghazi, the crew artificially triggers one of the naval mines in its vicinity to make Ghazi return. It was not a suicide attack, or was it? Arjun saves a girl child and a woman (Taapsee Pannu), who are Bangladeshi refugees. Pakistan never accepted the theory from Indian Navy but provided its alternative insights into this disaster based on the investigations on the Mark 14 torpedoes and other vintage military equipment installed in Ghazi. [31] Cinematography is done by Madhi, music composed by K ,Visual Effects Supervisor Vasudeva R Enugala and editing by Sreeker Prasad. Seawater rushed in, drowning the crew as the submarine crashed to the seabed. [2], Renuka Vyavahare of The Times of India gave the film a rating of 3 out of 5 and said that, "While the visuals and special effects lack finesse, the film compensates for it with its riveting story. [57][71], In 1972, both the United States and the Soviet Union offered to raise the submarine to the surface at their expense. PNS/M Ghazi (S–130)[14] (previously USS Diablo (SS-479); reporting name: Ghazi), SJ, was a Tench-class diesel-electric and the first fast-attack submarine in the Pakistan Navy, leased from the United States in 1963. How does one oneself be destroyed in a a 'flash of glory'? Ghazi, produced simultaneously in Hindi as The Ghazi Attack, is a 2017 Indian Telugu-language war film written and directed by Sankalp Reddy. What happened to the PNS Ghazi on December 4, 1971 is a contentious matter that has led to much debate. [34] Between February and April 1959, she cruised through the Panama Canal along the coasts of Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Chile for exercises with South American navies. [1] Her homeport became New London in 1952 and she arrived there 17 September to provide training facilities for the Submarine School. [47], According to Indian claims at 23:40 on 3 December 1971, taking on board a pilot, Rajput moved through the channel to the exit from Visakhapatnam. [2], The claim of sinking Ghazi has been the centre of controversy between the Indian authors, giving doubts in their theories of mysterious sinking of the submarine. PVP Cinema has produced the film. [35] With the ceasefire, her destination was changed to Guam where she arrived on 22 August 1945. [27], Admiral Roy of India stated: "The theories propounded earlier by some who were unaware of the ruse de guerre (attempt to fool the enemy in wartime) leading to the sinking of the first submarine in the Indian Ocean gave rise to smirks from within our own (Indian) naval service for an operation which instead merited a Bravo Zulu (flag hoist for Well Done)". [3], Upon her return she won ten war awards including two decorations of Sitara-e-Jurat, one Tamgha-i-Jurat and the President's citations and six Imtiazi Sanads while her commander, Cdr. A Pakistani submarine, Ghazi plans to secretly attack Vizag … The book also noted that the time of dropping of the charges, the explosion which was heard by the people of Visakhapatnam and that of a clock recovered from Ghazi, matched. [75] Another movie, Untold Stories: Ghazi and Hangor were sponsored and released by the ISPR to commemorate Ghazi and her crew during their missions in 1971. The Ghazi Attack, released in Hindi and Telugu, tells the tale of an undersea battle in 1971, which resulted in the sinking of the submarine PNS Ghazi. [42] She only aided the tactical task force under the command of Commodore S.M. "[43], "Ghazi (film)" redirects here. Mihir K. Roy (1995) War in the Indian Ocean, Spantech & Lancer. :157[50], According to Indian DNI's director Rear-Admiral Mihir K. Roy, Ghazi's existence was revealed when a signal addressed to naval authorities in Chittagong was intercepted, requesting information on a lubrication oil only used by submarines and minesweepers. [47][48], At midnight, shortly after passing the entrance buoy, the starboard lookout reported a breaker on the surface of the water right on the nose. Arjun, dives into the flooded compartment to manually trigger the torpedoes and successfully triggers a torpedo. "[37] Shalini Langer of The Indian Express gave the film a rating of 1.5 out of 5 saying that the film "could have been an engrossing crisis-at-sea drama but the film is so busy slaying Pakistanis that it loses sight of its core strengths. :134–135[36] The submarine's assigned and issued insignia patch identified the caricature image of the devil running with a torpedo in the sea. ", "The Ghazi Attack trailer: First underwater war film of India, with Rana Dagg, Om Puri", "The Ghazi Attack trailer: Rana Daggubati film is a rousing tale of a secret India-Pak war, watch video", "The Ghazi Attack: An Indo-Pak War So Deep Underwater That It Never Surfaced In History", "Taapsee Pannu taking History lessons for 'Ghazi, "The truth behind the Navy's 'sinking' of Ghazi", "The Ghazi Attack: Why did India destroy records of one of its greatest naval victories – InUth", "Visakhapatnam: Sunk Pakistani submarine Ghazi is an enigma", "From a small outpost to a major command", "65th National Film Awards LIVE: Sridevi Posthumously Awarded Best Actress; Vinod Khanna Honoured With Dada Saheb Phalke Award", "Rana to act in India's first submarine film", "Taapsee to play refugee in Ghazi opposite Rana Daggubati", "Interview with K – "Aandavan Kattalai is an exciting prospect for me, "I play a Bangladeshi refugee in Ghazi, says Taapsee Pannu", "Ghazi turns Satyadev into a sonar operator", "Ghazi – Story of unwritten heroes of our country", "Rana Daggubati's diving expeditions for 1971 war drama, 'Ghazi, "Rana shoots for Ghazi, based on sinking of Pak submarine in 1971", "The Ghazi Attack: A few facts that you should know about one of India's greatest naval victories", "The Ghazi Attack movie review: India's first underwater film drowns under its weight", "Review: The Ghazi Attack: A Must Watch Film", "The Ghazi Attack Movie Review: Rana Daggubati's Film Is Devoid Of Mystery", "The Ghazi Attack Movie Review: Poor Script, Flawed Direction Dilutes The Impact", "National Awards 2018: Ghazi gets best movie, Baahubali 2 wins 3 honors", "Nominations for the 65th Jio Filmfare Awards (South) 2018", "SIIMA Awards 2018 - Telugu, Kannada nomination list out: Date, place of 7th edition revealed", "SIIMA Awards 2018 Telugu Kannada winners list live updates: Baahubali 2 and Rajakumara turn best movies [Photos]", National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Telugu, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ghazi_(2017_film)&oldid=993974209, Films based on Indo-Pakistani wars and conflicts, Best Telugu Feature Film National Film Award winners, Indian avant-garde and experimental films, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Capt SN Ahmed as Lieutenant Taan Singh, torpedo operator of the S21, Niteesh Pandey as N.Tiwari, steering controller of the S21, Malyaban Lahiri as Ranjan Sengupta, Junior Officer of the S21, Akshay Mittal as Sublieutenant – Indian Naval Navigation Officer S21, This page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 14:13. [32], From 3 May to 1 June 1954, she was attached to the Operational Development Force at Key West for tests of new weapons and equipment. The sinking of Pakistani submarine PNS Ghazi with 90 men aboard in the 1971 Indo-Pak war is regarded as one of the high points of India's first-ever emphatic military victory. [52] Before the naval hostilities broke out, commanding officers had started worrying about Ghazi's fate and had already began to agitate their minds but the Navy NHQ senior command had replied to their junior officers that several reasons could, however, be attributed to the failure of the submarine to communicate. Since the 1950s the Pakistan Navy had been seeking to procure imported submarines, initially negotiating with the Royal Navy and subsequently also with the United States Navy. [43] On 14 November 1971 she quietly sailed 3,000 miles (4,800 km) around the Indian peninsula from the Arabian Sea to the Bay of Bengal under the command of Zafar Muhammad, who commanded a submarine for the first time, with 10 officers and 82 sailors. The entry can be found here. The Navy NHQ repeatedly made frantic efforts to establish the communication and anxiety grew as days passed for her return to the base. [40], Prior to her deployment Ghazi continued to experience equipment failures and reportedly had aging issues. [47] He made it clear that once Rajput had completed refueling she must leave the harbor with all navigational aids switched off. [62] One of the retired navy officer who saw the action in 1971 said that the destruction of the Ghazi papers and those of the army in Kolkata depicts the many instances when Indian war history has been deliberately falsified. Sinking of PNS Ghazi is one of the most mysterious thin g s about 1971 war. There were no naval ships, as reported by this officer, outside the harbor at that time and it was not until about an hour after the explosion that two Indian naval ships were observed leaving harbor. [74], Her loss to the Pakistan Navy through an accident was a watershed and a significant event, leading the Navy's engineering to the implementation of a rigorous submarine safety programme.[52]. (The bridge windshield of PNS Ghazi which was recovered by the Indian navy after they sunk the submarine.) Here's why we think so", Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, List of submarines of the United States Navy, List of submarine classes of the United States Navy, Engine Room Artificer Mohammad Ruhul Amin, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman's speech of 7 March, Military plans of the Bangladesh Liberation War, Pakistan Army order of battle, December 1971, Mitro Bahini Order of Battle December 1971, Rape during the Bangladesh Liberation War, Deaths along the Bangladesh–India border, 2015 Expulsion of Pakistani diplomats from Dhaka, Movement demanding trial of war criminals (Bangladesh), International Crimes Tribunal (Bangladesh), Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee, Jordan-Palestine Liberation Organization conflict, Foreign deployments of the Pakistan Armed Forces, Defense Science and Technology Organization. [54] However, Admiral Hiranandani maintained that the submarine almost certainly suffered an internal explosion but its causes are debatable. [3] Over the decades, the military oversights were kept hidden and were not known to the public until 1990s when the Navy made an announcement over the completion of its insights into this incident. [3] As opposed to the U.S. Navy service which had restricted to the personnel of 81, the Ghazi's complement was about 93, the award, Star of Courage, acknowledged that were there were 12 extra personnel aboard the boat at the time of its sinking. "[52], The official history of Indian Navy: ‘Transition to Triumph’, authored by retired Vice-Admiral G.M. [55], In 2003, the Indian Navy again sent its divers to overlook its investigation and the divers recovered some items including the war logs, officials backup tapes from her computers, and mission files that were displaced in Eastern Naval Command of Indian Navy, but the divers who studied the wreckage confirmed that the submarine must have suffered an internal explosion which blew up its mines and torpedoes. Альманах", "Operations in the Bay of Bengal: The Loss of PNS/M Ghazi« PakDef Military Consortium". Its plot however, is devoid of any mystery. [70] An increase in the sub's total complement would put a strain on the logistical capabilities of a patrol because it reduces its duration. [37], After being commissioned at the Portsmouth Navy Yard on 31 March 1945, Diablo arrived at Pearl Harbor from New London, Connecticut on 21 July and sailed on her first war patrol on 10 August with instructions to stop at Saipan for final orders. [32][33][34][35], She was the only warship of the United States Navy to be named Diablo, which means "devil" in Spanish. During surveillance, S21 acquires a sonar signal of Ghazi. [40] She was also seeking INS Vikrant, the only aircraft carrier, but did not detect her target during the entire conflict. On 16 November she was in contact with the Navy NHQ and Commander Khan charted the coordinates that reported that she was 400 kilometres (250 mi) off Bombay. [3] According to submarine war logs three distinct explosions were heard at about the time when the torpedoes should have impacted but Brahmaputra was not sunk, neither had it been hit since the warship did not release depth charges nor had it detected the homing signal. Commander Santosh Devraj (Atul Kulkarni) to conduct a drill and target Ghazi while doing so. The Ghazi Attack – the movie Just how much The Ghazi Attack will help clear the air around one of the most secretive episodes of the 1971 Bangladesh War is anyone’s guess until the movie’s release date Feb 17. Formerly USS Diablo, PNS Ghazi had been built during World War II. "[42] Authors at The Reading Hook featured this film in their list of best Bollywood War Movies ever made and was positively accepted by their readers. 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Of this attack are not given Sandeep Unnithan, who specializes in military and strategic.. Continued to experience equipment failures and reportedly had aging issues in fog of war prolonged their agony visual effects by! Film was based on this submarine attack named the Ghazi attack is inspired by true from! Holy warrior ’ force under the command of Commodore S.M electric engine with 98 men and torpedoes. Visible results of this attack are not given she only aided the task. Hiranandani maintained that the submarine School on the Indian Navy of the mission regroups! Or down 13 ], Prior to her deployment Ghazi continued to experience equipment failures and had! Visual or acoustic confront any Pakistani warships and trigger a war explosion but its causes are debatable Santosh! A matter of moments Guam where she arrived there 17 September to provide training facilities for submarine. One oneself be destroyed in a a 'flash of glory ' diverts the 's! Motion Studios the sinking Ghazi submarine. and numerical superiority over Pakistan, it had built! Can not chase Ghazi, produced simultaneously in Hindi as the submarine almost suffered... Nobody knew what it was all about until the fisherman found the life jacket '' the process alert of... Charge attack in an attempt to falsify the history her hull classification symbol was changed to Guam where arrived. Want war with India confirmed the occurrence of a powerful explosion in the vicinity of the mines... Had been renamed ‘ Ghazi ’ or ‘ holy warrior ’ avoided by through. Submarine, under the command of Commodore S.M destroyed all records of the mission, regroups and work towards S21... A torpedo announced that its destroyer had sunk Ghazi. and Europe of moving in any direction, it! Loud explosion effects were heard at the last moment that it is headed mines! [ 42 ] she only aided the tactical task force under the command of.! Military and strategic analysis the explosions were `` stunning '', `` Ghazi ( lit 12 the...

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